Zimbabwe dating culture
One view of the dialects is that they resulted from differing missionary education policies in the nineteenth century.
Sindebele is a click language of the Nguni group of Bantu languages; other members of this language group are Zulu and Xhosa, which are spoken mainly in South Africa; si Swati (Swaziland); and si Tswana (Botswana).
A sharp drop in mortality rates and longer life expectancy between 19 meant that almost sixty-three percent of the population sixteen to thirty-four years of age.
The statistical impact of the AIDS epidemic on the population will not be clear until the next national census in 2002, but that disease is considered a major factor in higher maternal and infant mortality rates. All the national languages, with the exception of the official language, English, are Bantu, a branch of the Niger-Congo language family.
Other ethnic groups, each constituting 1 percent of the population, are the Batonga in the Zambezi Valley, the Shangaan or Hlengwe in the low veld, and the Venda on the border with South Africa.
About 2 percent of the population is of non-African ethnic origin, mainly European and Asian.
Other languages spoken in Zimbabwe are Tonga, Shangaan, and Venda, which are shared with large groups of Tonga in Zambia and Shangaan and Venda in South Africa. The national flag and the Zimbabwe bird (the African fish eagle) are the most important symbolic representations of the nation.
The Zimbabwe bird is superimposed on the flag, and while the flag symbolizes independence, the Zimbabwe bird represents continuity with the precolonial past.
The third major change has involved the age profile of the population.
In the twentieth century, there were three major changes in the demographic and settlement pattern.
First, the acquisition of large tracts of land by white settlers for commercial agriculture, until shortly after World War II resulted in a situation in which half the land was owned by well under 1 percent of the population, with limited access to land for the vast majority of the rural population.
The second city, Bulawayo, is in Matabeleland in the west, where most Ndebele-speaking people live. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the population is estimated to have been about six hundred thousand.
The 1992 national census estimated it at over ten million, and with a growth rate of 3 percent, it is expected to be over twelve million in 2000.